Last winter, I read all of those reports and summarized them for our own internal purposes to try and get a better picture of where the industry stood (at least a few years ago) and what areas were poised for growth (and may be in need of OsmoBots). Included below are our estimates of the annual production in dollars ($) by region and they general types of aquaculture practiced and species raised. We couldn't find this data anywhere else so we decided to do the digging ourselves. Enjoy!
USA and Canada
Species & Systems: Despite the USA’s wealth of coastal regions, the majority of aquaculture is land-based with most of it concentrated in earthen ponds in rural areas growing catfish, rainbow trout, bass, and crawfish. There are some salmon farms and an increasing shellfish presence along the coast. Canadian industry is largely marine-based with heavy salmon farming in the cold northern waters. The only land-based systems grow rainbow trout in earthen ponds and recirculating tanks.
Industry Trends: In both countries aquaculture is growing at a dramatic rate. Overfishing, a very high seafood trade deficit, and increasing demand have highlighted the opportunities in aquaculture to entrepreneurial farmers in both fresh and marine waters.
Species & Systems: Largely earthen ponds, raceways, and ocean cage culture grow large quantities of tilapia and trout onshore and marine farmers grow shrimp offshore.
Industry Trends: Aquaculture growth has been stunted or in decline in all Latin American countries due to economic and/or political instability except for Costa Rica, Panama, El Salvador, and Cuba; which have show the opposite trends. All of these latter countries have small, but strong internal aquaculture industries and with Cuba opening to the West, we can expect to see a gradual inundation of foreign investment in the industry.
Species & Systems: Largely earthen ponds, raceways, and ocean cage culture growing lots of tilapia and trout onshore and shrimp and salmon offshore.
Industry Trends: Chile, Brazil, Venezuela, Peru, Ecuador, Columbia all have experienced very strong aquaculture growth with foreign investment (especially Chile), government advocacy and subsidies and the popularity of fresh-water fish (especially tilapia) in local diet. The continent’s smaller countries (Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia) have seen modest industry growth or none at all.
Western, Northern, and Southern Europe:
Species & Systems: Mediterranean and northern European countries largely practice mariculture growing sea bass in the south and salmon in the north. On land, the Western European countries grow rainbow trout, sturgeon, and eels in recirculating tanks, earthen ponds, raceways, and concrete tanks.
Industry Trends: All Western European countries have experienced consistent aquaculture growth in the past 20 years due to increases in demand and a decline in wild-caught fish. In some areas environmental regulation has stunted growth.
Species & Systems: Most of the industry is centered around growing freshwater carp and trout farming in raceways, ponds, and recirculating tanks. There is some mariculture on the Mediterranean and Black Seas growing seabream and seabass.
Industry Trends: In all post-Soviet countries, aquaculture output peaked in the late 1980’s and then dropped dramatically with the fall of the Soviet Union and the introduction of the market economy. In the 2000’s all of these countries began to rebound and some reached their pre-fall numbers.
Species & Systems: Largely mariculture with shrimp in cages and some pond culture growing carp, trout, and tilapia.
Industry Trends: While both Pakistan and Saudi Arabia have large aquaculture industries, both are relatively primitive technologically and are focused on mariculture. Only Israel has a growing, high-tech freshwater aquaculture market.
Species & Systems: Freshwater farmers use largely earthen ponds, with some river-culture growing tilapia, carp, mullet, and catfish. Mariculture is concentrated in Morocco growing shrimp, Mussels, and tuna.
Industry Trends: Outside of Morocco, which is largely mariculture, only Egypt has a strong aquaculture industry focused around the Nile. Yet with Egyptian political instability, it is unclear where the industry stands.
Species & Systems: Almost all freshwater aquaculture is in earthen ponds or reservoirs with very low-tech and is based largely in rural areas with low pond concentration.
Industry Trends: Many sub saharan governments realize the economic potential in aquaculture and have provided economic incentives. Many countries have seen strong growth in this sector, but it is still in its infancy. Uganda is a leader in the region for its push to commercialize aquaculture and bring it closer to cities.
Species & Systems: Largely earthen ponds, raceways, recirculating tanks make up the majority of East Asian aquaculture, growing carp, tilapia, eel, prawn, and trout.
Industry Trends: China produces the majority of the world’s aquaculture, but it is largely in low-tech rural areas in rice paddies and reservoirs using agricultural run-off. Other countries such as Japan and South Korea have invested in high-tech recirculating tanks.
Species & Systems: Largely earthen ponds, raceways, and ocean cage culture growing lots of tilapia and trout onshore and shrimp offshore.
Industry Trends: Aquaculture is well established in Southeast Asia as it provides much of the protein in the region. Most of it is practiced in low-tech, low-intensity manners, such as in rice-paddies.
Species & Systems: The region is largely characterized by mariculture, but some freshwater industry exists growing tilapia, barramundi, and carp in ponds, raceways, and recirculating tanks.
Industry Trends: Australia and New Zealand have experienced dramatic increases in aquaculture production as off-shore fishing has declined. Smaller island nations, such as Tonga and the Solomon islands still rely heavily on traditional fishing.