"Supply change, hydroponic farming, there's a whole lot of really interesting problems that are more infrastructure, and there's the whole health area," she said. "I'm interested in talking about sustainable problems. How about sustainable bodies?" - Esther Dyson on the Tech Industry
Check out Growing Underground, a publicly funded project that will attempt to get food on the table of restaurants in less than four hours after being farmed. Not only do aquaponic and hydroponic systems offer greater efficiency and yields but it gives areas with unfavorable climates the opportunity to enjoy fresh produce they would have never been able to before. Though the capital costs of hydroponic and aquaponics systems have come down to some extent, there is still room more price effective opportunities. The ability of these systems to yield positive cash flows should still be the overall selling point for business ventures into the market. The variety of systems and ability to scale will continue to revolutionize the way things are conducted on a day-to-day basis. This includes overall energy usage. Unless the system is running off the grid or there are other energy subsiding capabilities running the costs could damper overall efficiency. The energy issue is another market that is ripe with disruption and continually increasing its functionality at a less energy demanding rate. This will greatly help indoor farmer's margins and growth opportunities. Given the variety of success stories and increasing demand for foods, both in developed and third-world countries, aqua and hydroponic growers can rest assure they have solid job security for quite some time to come. For more on the industry check out the 142-page report - The Emerging Hydroponics Industry: Hydroponics Systems, Issues, Crop Values, and Global Market Forecasts.
Sources: CNBC - http://www.cnbc.com/2015/07/15/dyson-at-alpha-tech-too-focused-on-1-percenters.html
Clapway - http://clapway.com/2015/07/15/how-underground-urban-farming-is-aiding-the-healthy- eating-movement/
Emerging Hydropincs Industry -http://www.researchgate.net/publication/263109403_Emerging_Hydroponics_Industry